Wetlands that have international importance are famous as Ramsar Sites. Here we will discuss the Ramsar Sites in India. So, let’s get started:
What are Ramsar Sites?
As we have said in the beginning, internationally valued wetlands are known as Ramsar sites. A place that is water surrounded is called a wetland. Ponds, lakes, end of oceans, river delta, and low-level localities often affected by floods are all wetlands.
There are forty-two wetlands with international value in India and are famous as the Ramsar sites in India. So, there are 42 total Ramsar Sites in India.
Ramsar is an Iranian city where the wetland conservation and sustainable act were signed. The term generated from there and any site registered under the Ramsar convention is a Ramsar site.
What is the Ramsar Convention?
Ramsar convention was a wetland-related convention that took place on 2nd February 1971 in Italy. UNESCO organized the convention for conservation and sustainability of wetlands at the Ramsar Convention, known as the Ramsar convention.
This convention aims to utilize the wetlands properly by implementing regional and national actions and international help as a way of attaining worldwide sustainable progress.
Eighteen countries agreed with the purpose of the convention and signed the treaty on 2nd February 1971. The treaty started to function from 1st December 1975. Later in 1982, India also became a part of the project and signed the treaty.
Some interesting facts about the Ramsar Sites
Here are some interesting facts about Ramsar Sites that all should know:
- Ramsar Sites are one of the significant conservation localities globally.
- Recently there are 2400 Ramsar Sites worldwide which is 2.5 million sq. kilometers in total area.
- The first Ramsar Site, the Cobourg Peninsula in Australia, was explored in 1974.
- The maximum numbers of Ramsar Sites (that is 175) in the world are in the UK.
- The Ramsar treaty was signed on 2nd February, so this day is celebrated as International Wetlands Day throughout the world.
- The Ramsar Convention performs jointly with some institutions such as:
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Birdlife International, International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Wetlands International, Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT), and WWF International.
- You can get all details regarding Ramsar Sites on the Ramsar Sites Information Service or RSIS.
- One hundred seventy-one parties were associated with Ramsar Convention as per the reports published in 2019.
List of Ramsar Sites in India
The Montreux Record is there to monitor the Ramsar Sites to keep the record of any vital environmental alterations that might have a positive or negative impact on the wetlands.
The Ramsar Convention was valid in India from 1st February 1982. As per the last survey conducted on 10th February 2021, 42 Ramsar Sites in India map is enlisted as the Ramsar wetland sites in India. India possesses the maximum number of wetland sites with international importance in the entire South Asia.
Here is the list of Ramsar Sites in India:
- Ashtamudi Wetland in Kerala
- Beas Conservation Reserve, Punjab
- Bhitarkanika Mangroves in Odisha
- Bhoj Wetlands, MP
- Chandra Taal in Himachal Pradesh
- Chilka Lake, Odisha
- Deepor Beel in Assam
- East Kolkata Wetlands, West Bengal
- Harika Wetlands in Punjab
- Hoka Wetland, Jammu & Kashmir
- Kanji Wetland, Punjab
- Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan
- Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve, Punjab
- Kolleru lake in Andhra Pradesh
- Loktak Lake, Manipur
- Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary in Gujrat
- Nandur Madhameshwar, Maharashtra
- Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu
- Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary in UP
- Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary, UP
- Point Calimer Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
- Pong Dam Lake, Himachal Pradesh
- Renuka lake in Himachal Pradesh
- Ropar Wetland, Punjab
- Rudrasagar Lake in Tripura
- Saman Bird Sanctuary, UP
- Samaspur Bird Sanctuary in UP
- Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan
- Sandi Bird Sanctuary, UP
- Sarai Nawar Jheel, UP
- Sasthamkotta lake in Kerala
- Surinsar-Mansar lakes, Jammu & Kashmir
- Tsomoriri in Ladakh
- Upper Ganga River, UP
- Vembanad Kol Wetland in Kerala
- Weller lake in Jammu & Kashmir
- Sunderban Wetland, West Bengal
- Asan Barrage in Uttarakhand
- Kanwar Lake or Kabal Taal, Bihar
- Lonar Lake in Maharashtra
- Sur Sarovar, UP
- TSO Kar Wetland Complex, Ladakh
Some Important matters about Indian Ramsar Wetland sites
Let’s discuss some significant matters regarding Ramsar Sites in India:
- 42 Indian Ramsar Sites consist of 1,081,438 hectares surface region according to the reports published in December 2020.
- The biggest Ramsar Site in India is Chilka Lake, in Odisha (1,16,500 hectares surface area).
- The first identified Indian Ramsar Sites were the Chika Lake, Odisha, and Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan.
- There are eight Ramsar Sites in Uttar Pradesh, which is the highest in India.
- Renuka Wetland in Himachal Pradesh is the most miniature Indian Wetland with 20 hectares surface region.
Frequently Asked Questions
- How many Ramsar Sites in India?
A: There are 42 Ramsar Sites in India, and their names are listed above in the discourse.
2. Maximum Ramsar Sites in India located in which state?
A: In Uttar Pradesh, there are eight Ramsar sites and are considered the highest in India.