Veterinary Science: How To Become a Veterinary Doctor in India

Famously, people call veterinary doctors as vets. These are medical practitioners who diagnose, treat, and cure various types of disease in different faunal species, primarily animals and birds. Whereas veterinary science is the branch of medicine that basically deals with diagnosing, treating, and curing the different types of diseases of birds and animals. It is one of most popular careers in wildlife.

Importance of Veterinary Doctor

  1. Along with treating and curing pet and domestic animals, one has a chance of working with zoos and forest department in treating and curing wild animals.
  2. Veterinary doctors play an important role during various wildlife conservation activities such as relocation, reintroduction as well as rehabilitation of wildlife.

Job profiles of Veterinary Science Apart from Veterinary Doctor

Not a single person can perform all the tasks when it comes to treating and curing diseases for wildlife. Thus, different job profiles are needed. Various job profiles in the field of veterinary science include – 

Veterinarian Assistant

Responsibilities –

  1. Feeding and monitoring of animals
  2. Cleaning of animals
  3. Performing various exercises with them.
  4. Assisting vets and technicians with lab work.
  5. Cleaning, sterilizing, and maintaining kennels, operating rooms, examining rooms, cages, and surgical equipment.
  6. Comforting and restraining pets during examinations.
  7. Providing first aid to pets in an emergency
  8. Stabilizing them until a doctor takes over.
  9. Administering medications to pets.
  10. Performing some clerical duties.

Veterinarian Technician

Responsibilities –

  1. Assisting vets
  2. Monitoring vital signs
  3. Obtaining various samples such as blood, stool, etc.
  4. Testing samples
  5. Taking x-rays
  6. Preparing animals for surgery
  7. Perform daily procedures before and after surgery.
  8. Performing emergency first aid
  9. Restraining animals during exams
  10. Administering anesthesia
  11. Administering medications, vaccines, and treatments prescribed by a vets.

Veterinary Surgeon

Responsibilities –

  1. Conducting presurgical exams and diagnostic tests.
  2. Evaluating X-rays and nuclear scans.
  3. Specializing in usage of specialized equipment
  4. Performing surgical procedures.
  5. Drafting case reports.
  6. Supervising post-operative care.
  7. Interacting with surgical veterinary technicians, primary and emergency vets, support staff, and animal owners.
  8. Prescribing follow-up home care.

Veterinary Pharmacologist

Responsibilities –

  1. conducting visits at animal hospitals to monitor the progress of animals under their care.
  2. consulting with veterinarians in the treatment of animals.

Veterinary Epidemiologist

Responsibilities –

  1. Studying disease transmission and patterns of occurrence.
  2. Determining the vector by which a disease is spread.
  3. Determining the process of treating and controlling the disease.
  4. Monitoring the effectiveness of vaccinations.
  5. Studying patterns of pathogenic drug resistance.
  6. Evaluating public health concerns related to meat, poultry, fish, and other animal-derived food products.

Scope and future

On this very day, veterinarians have a really high demanded in countries like Canada, United States, European countries and so on. The scope of the career in veterinary science is large and is growing faster in this era of modern world.

Admission Process for Veterinary Science

First thing first, one has to complete is 12th class (+2 of his education) from physics, chemistry and biology subjects. Then there are two kind of entrance exam. Clearing at least one of those two types is necessary in order to get the admissions for bachelors. First type is all India level exams. This includes – AIPVT (All India Pre-Veterinary Test) and AICEE (All India Common Entrance Examination).

In the second category, we have state level examinations. These include MHTCET (Maharashtra CET), KEAM (Kerala), CENTAC (Pondicherry), GADVASU (Punjab and Himachal) and GUJCER (Gujrat).

AIPVT being the major exam fills 15% of seats of all colleges.

After answering these exams, the scores will go to VCI (Veterinary Council of India) from where they give a call for counseling and interviewing.

Bachelor courses in veterinary science

Generally, the bachelor courses in veterinary science are of five years. Six months of internship is must during this course. These courses include –

  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BV. Sc.) & Animal Husbandry (AH)
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Animal Genetics and Breeding
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Animal Production & Management
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Gynecology & Obst.
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Parasitology
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Pathology
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science in Animal Nutrition
Master courses in veterinary science

In general, these master courses in veterinary science commence for two to three years, depending upon the subject of specialization. A thesis and internship are integral part of the master course.

  • Master of Veterinary Science (MV. Sc.)
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Medicine
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Quality Systems in Dairy Processing
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Livestock Production and Management
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Livestock Production Technology
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Public Health
  • Master of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Biochemistry
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Biotechnology
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Statistics
  • Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Nutrition
PhD courses in Veterinary Science

The period of PhD program for veterinary science can be anywhere from two years to ten years. Here are the PhD courses available in India.

  • PhD in Animal Husbandry Extension Education
  • PhD in Animal Nutrition
  • PhD in Animal Science
  • PhD in Veterinary Anatomy & Histology
  • PhD in Veterinary Extension Education
  • PhD in Veterinary Medicine
  • PhD in Veterinary Microbiology
  • PhD in Veterinary Parasitology
  • PhD in Veterinary Pathology
  • PhD in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology

Institutes for Veterinary Science in India

Here is the list of some of the top institiues in India that offer various courses in veterinary science.

Salary of a Vet

Referring to the data on PayScale, the average salary for a Veterinarian is ₹571,965 in India.

A vet working in the private sector can expect around Rs.15,000 to Rs.20,000. This depends on different factors such as location and experience. Whereas the salary of vet working in Government sector can be around Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 50,000 again depending upon the experience and location.

Perks and Disadvantages of being a Veterinarian.

  • Good pay scale
  • If passionate for animals, this job gives you an opportunity to interact with a variety of animals and birds.
  • Government jobs are available.
  • One can work in urban areas as well.
  • Being very cautious about treating animals is important as sometimes these diseases can be transferable to humans.
  • The perception of respecting a vet is not as doctors treating humans.
  • Undoubtedly, dealing with difficult pet owners often tests patience.

In conclusion, a vet should possess the ability to put the animal or bird at ease, be adaptable, sensitive and observant.

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